Who is Pomba Gira?

A representation of Pomba Gira.

Pomba Gira is the classification of an entity,[1][2] and an entity herself, who is commonly employed and worked with by practitioners of Umbanda and Quimbanda in Brazil. Pomba Gira is viewed as the consort of Exu, who is the messenger of the Orixas in Candomblé.

While Exu manifests and encompasses male sexuality, fertility and strength, Pomba Gira personifies female beauty, sexuality, and desire.[3] She is viewed as a beautiful woman who is insatiable. Pomba Gira is venerated with great respect and care, as her worshippers concede that her wrath can be firm and strong. She is often invoked by those who seek aid in matters of the heart and love.[4]

Pomba Gira is noted for her connection with female and gay worshippers [5] Some Pombas Giras do display the characteristics of being promiscuous, talkative and vulgar. However she has many paths or avatars, and will be more or less inclined towards that behaviour depending on the path.

Pomba Gira is known to possess both women and effeminate males.[6]

Some paths of Pomba Gira

  • Maria Padilha (Queen of the Marys)
  • Pomba Gira Cigana (Gypsy Pomba Gira)
  • Pomba Gira Rainha (Queen Pomba Gira)
  • Pomba Gira Arrepiada (Creeped Pomba Gira)
  • Maria Molambo
  • Rosa Caveira (Rose Skull, literally)
  • Pomba Gira das Sete Encruzilhadas (Pomba Gira of the Seven Crossroads)
  • Pomba Gira dos 7 Cruzeiros da Calunga (Pomba Gira of the Seven Crosses of Kalunga)
  • Pomba Gira Mirongueira (Enchantress Pomba Gira)
  • Maria Quitéria
  • Rainha das Rainhas (Queen of Queens)
  • Pomba Gira Mocinha (Young Girl Pomba Gira)
  • Rainha Sete Encruzilhadas (Queen Seven Crossroads)
  • Rainha do Cemitério (Queen of the Graveyard)
  • Pomba Gira das Almas (Pomba Gira of the Souls)
  • Praia (Beach)
  • Dama da Noite (Lady of the Night)
  • Pomba Gira Sete Calungas (Pomba Gira Seven Kalungas)
  • Maria Mulambo das Sete Catacumbas (literally, Lame Mary of the Seven Tombs)

References

  1. ^ Ashcraft-Eason, Lillian; Martin, Darnise C.; Olademo, Oyeronke (2010). Women and new and Africana religions. Women and religion in the world. ABC-CLIO. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-275-99156-2. Said to be the spirits of the "people of the street" (povo da rua): prostitutes, conmen, and others forced by circumstance to live by their wits, exu and pomba gira spirits represent marginalized social types. 
  2. ^ Hayes, Kelly E. (August 2008). "Wicked Women and Femmes Fatales: Gender, Power, and Pomba Gira in Brazil". History of Religions 48 (1): 1–21. doi:10.1086/592152.  |accessdate= requires |url= (help)
  3. ^ Hayes, Kelly E. (2009). "The Dark Side of the Feminine: Pomba Gira Spirits in Brazil". In Chima Jacob Korieh. Gendering global transformations: gender, culture, race, and identity. Routledge Research in Gender and Society 16. Taylor & Francis US. pp. 119–132. ISBN 978-0-415-96325-1. Indeed, her profile is familiar to any inhabitant of the Western world, for Pomba Gira is the archetypal femme fatale, that seductive yet perilous siren depicted in pulp fiction and film noir. Possibly evil, definitely dangerous, she is the embodiment of a transgressive femininity that is at once beguiling and deadly: the dark side of the feminine. 
  4. ^ Chestnut, Andrew (2007). "Latin America's Free Market of Faith". In Steigenga, Timothy J.; Cleary, Edward L. Conversion of a continent: contemporary religious change in Latin America. Rutgers University Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-8135-4202-7. A married woman, for example, who suspects an acquaintance of having an affair with her husband might ask Pomba Gira to harm the other woman so that she is no longer the object of her husband's affection. 
  5. ^ Conner, Randy P.; Sparks, David Hatfield (2004). Queering creole spiritual traditions: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender participation in African-inspired traditions in the Americas. Haworth gay & lesbian studies. Psychology Press. pp. 81–84. ISBN 978-1-56023-351-0. 
  6. ^ Hayes, Kelly E. 2008. Wicked Women and Femmes Fatales: Gender, Power, and Pomba Gira in Brazil. History of Religions. 48 (1): 1-21.
  • "Pomba-Gira: Enchantments to invoke the formidable powers of the female messenger of the gods" by Antônio Alves Teixeira

External links

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pomba_gira